Ipsita Mandal



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Short CV

Ipsita Mandal received her Bachelors degree in Physics from Jadavpur Universty in 2005.
Subsequently, she joined the Harish-Chandra Research lnstitute, Allahabad, where she received her MSc in 2008 and PhD in String Theory in 2011 under the supervision of Prof. Ashoke Sen.
From 2011 to 2013, she worked as a Postdoctoral Research Scholar in Condensed Matter Theory in University of California Los Angeles, under the mentorship of Prof. Sudip Chakravarty.
Then she spent 2013-2016 as a Postdoctoral Fellow in Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics.
Within the period sep 2016 to Dec 2016, she worked in the group of Prof. Daniel Loss and Prof. Jelena Klinovaja in the University of Basel.
From Dec 2016, She joined IIT-Kharagpur, India, as an Assistant Professor in Physics.


Show all abstracts.

1.  Majorana fermions in quasi-one-dimensional systems with in-plane magnetic fields
Vardan Kaladzhyan, Julien Despres, Ipsita Mandal, and Cristina Bena.
arXiv:1611.09367 [cond-mat.mes-hall]

We study the Majorana bound states arising in quasi-one-dimensional systems with Rashba spin-orbit coupling in the presence of an in-plane Zeeman magnetic field. Using two different methods, first, the numerical diagonalization of the tight-binding Hamiltonian, and second, finding the singular points of the Hamiltonian (see Refs. [1-4]), we obtain the topological phase diagram for these systems as a function of the chemical potential and the magnetic field, and we demonstrate the consistency of these two methods. By introducing disorder into these systems we confirm that the states with even number of Majorana pairs are not topologically protected. Finally, we show that a formal calculation of the Z2 topological invariants recovers correctly the parity of the number of Majorana bound states pairs, and it is thus fully consistent with the phase diagrams of the disordered systems.

2.  Scaling behaviour and superconducting instability in anisotropic non-Fermi liquids
Ipsita Mandal
arXiv:1609.00020 [cond-mat.str-el]

We study the scaling behaviour of the optical conductivity (σ), free energy density (F) and shear viscosity of the quantum critical point associated with spin density wave phase transition for a two-dimensional metallic system with $C_2$ symmetry. A non-Fermi liquid behaviour emerges at two pairs of isolated points on the Fermi surface due to the coupling of a bosonic order parameter to fermionic excitations at those so-called "hot-spots". We find that near the hot-spots, σ and F obey the scalings expected for such an anisotropic system, and the direction-dependent viscosity to entropy density ratio is not a universal number due to the anisotropy. Lastly, we also estimate the effect of the fermion-boson coupling at the hot-spots on superconducting instabilities.

3.  UV/IR Mixing In Non-Fermi Liquids: Higher-Loop Corrections In Different Energy Ranges
Ipsita Mandal
arXiv:1608.06642 [cond-mat.str-el]

We revisit the Ising-nematic quantum critical point with an m-dimensional Fermi surface by applying a dimensional regularization scheme, introduced in Phys. Rev. B 92, 035141 (2015). We compute the contribution from two-loop and three-loop diagrams in the intermediate energy range controlled by a crossover scale. We find that for m=2, the corrections continue to be one-loop exact for both the infrared and intermediate energy regimes.

4.  Superconducting instability in non-Fermi liquids
Ipsita Mandal
Phys. Rev. B 94, 115138 (2016)

We use renormalization group (RG) analysis and dimensional regularization techniques to study potential superconductivity-inducing four-fermion interactions in systems with critical Fermi surfaces of general dimensions (m) and co-dimensions (d−m), arising as a result of quasiparticle interaction with a gapless Ising-nematic order parameter. These are examples of non-Fermi liquid states in d spatial dimensions. Our formalism allows us to treat the corresponding zero-temperature low-energy effective theory in a controlled approximation close to the upper critical dimension $d=d_c(m)$. The fixed points are identified from the RG flow equations, as functions of d and m. We find that the flow towards the non-Fermi liquid fixed point is preempted by Cooper pair formation for both the physical cases of (d=3,m=2) and (d=2,m=1). In fact, there is a strong enhancement of superconductivity by the order parameter fluctuations at the quantum critical point.

5.  Super-GCA connection with tensionless strings: Addendum to "Super-GCA from N=(2,2) super-Virasoro" [Phys. Lett. B 754 (2016) 195-2000]
Ipsita Mandal
Physics Letters B 760 (2016) 832-834

n this addendum, we consider the connection between certain 2d super-GCA, obtained from the parametric contractions of 2d SCFTs, which can describe the constraint algebra of null spinning strings.

6.  Hyperscaling violation at the Ising-nematic quantum critical point in two dimensional metals
Andreas Eberlein, Ipsita Mandal, and Subir Sachdev.
Phys. Rev. B 94, 045133 (2016)

Understanding optical conductivity data in the optimally doped cuprates in the framework of quantum criticality requires a strongly coupled quantum critical metal which violates hyperscaling. In the simplest scaling framework, hyperscaling violation can be characterized by a single nonzero exponent θ, so that in a spatially isotropic state in d spatial dimensions, the specific heat scales with temperature as $T^{(d−θ)/z}$, and the optical conductivity scales with frequency as $ω^{(d−θ−2)/z}$ for ω≫T, where z is the dynamic critical exponent defined by the scaling of the fermion response function transverse to the Fermi surface. We study the Ising-nematic critical point, using the controlled dimensional regularization method proposed by Dalidovich and Lee [Phys. Rev. B 88, 245106 (2013)]. We find that hyperscaling is violated, with θ=1 in d=2. We expect that similar results apply to Fermi surfaces coupled to gauge fields in d=2.

7.  Geometrical mutual information at the tricritical point of the two-dimensional Blume-Capel model
Ipsita Mandal, Stephen Inglis, Roger G. Melko
J. Stat. Mech. (2016) 073105

The spin-1 classical Blume–Capel model on a square lattice is known to exhibit a finite-temperature phase transition described by the tricritical Ising CFT in 1  +  1 space-time dimensions. This phase transition can be accessed with classical Monte Carlo simulations, which, via a replica-trick calculation, can be used to study the shape-dependence of the classical Rényi entropies for a torus divided into two cylinders. From the second Rényi entropy, we calculate the geometrical mutual information (GMI) introduced by Stéphan et al (2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 127204) and use it to extract a numerical estimate for the value of the central charge near the tricritical point. By comparing to the known CFT result, c  =  7/10, we demonstrate how this type of GMI calculation can be used to estimate the position of the tricritical point in the phase diagram.

8.  Cold atoms in U(3) gauge potentials
Ipsita Mandal, Atri Bhattacharya
Condens. Matter 2016, 1(1), 2

We explore the effects of artificial U(3) gauge potentials on ultracold atoms. We study background gauge fields with both non-constant and constant Wilson loops around plaquettes, obtaining the energy spectra in each case. The scenario of metal–insulator transition for irrational fluxes is also examined. Finally, we discuss the effect of such a gauge potential on the superfluid–insulator transition for bosonic ultracold atoms.

9.  Super-GCA from N=(2,2) Super-Virasoro
Ipsita Mandal, Ahmed Rayyan
Physics Letters B 754, 195 (2016)

We derive the extended Supersymmetric Galilean Conformal Algebra (SGCA) in two spacetime dimensions by the method of group contraction on 2d N=(2,2) superconformal algebra. Both the parent and daughter algebras are infinite-dimensional. We provide the representation theory of the algebra. We adopt a superspace formalism for the SGCA fields, allowing us to write them down in a compact notation as components of superfields. We also discuss correlation functions, short supermultiplets and null states.

10.  Counting Majorana bound states using complex momenta
Ipsita Mandal
Condensed Matter Physics, 2016, vol. 19, No. 3, 33703

Recently, the connection between Majorana fermions bound to defects in arbitrary dimensions, and complex momentum roots of the vanishing determinant of the corresponding bulk Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) Hamiltonian, has been established (EPL, 2015, 110, 67005). Based on this understanding, a formula has been proposed to count the number (n) of the zero energy Majorana bound states, which is related to the topological phase of the system. In this paper, we provide a proof of the counting formula and we apply this formula to a variety of 1d and 2d models belonging to the classes BDI, DIII and D. We show that we can successfully chart out the topological phase diagrams. Studying these examples also enables us to explicitly observe the correspondence between these complex momentum solutions in the Fourier space, and the localized Majorana fermion wavefunctions in the position space. Finally, we corroborate the fact that for systems with a chiral symmetry, these solutions are the so-called "exceptional points", where two or more eigenvalues of the complexified Hamiltonian coalesce.

11.  Exceptional points for chiral Majorana fermions in arbitrary dimensions
Ipsita Mandal
EPL, 110 (2015) 67005

Certain real parameters of a Hamiltonian, when continued to complex values, can give rise to singular points called exceptional points (EP's), where two or more eigenvalues coincide and the complexified Hamiltonian becomes non-diagonalizable. We show that for a generic d-dimensional topological superconductor/superfluid with a chiral symmetry, one can find EP's associated with the chiral zero energy Majorana fermions bound to a topological defect/edge. Exploiting the chiral symmetry, we propose a formula for counting the number (n) of such chiral zero modes. We also establish the connection of these solutions to the Majorana fermion wavefunctions in the position space. The imaginary parts of these momenta are related to the exponential decay of the wavefunctions localized at the defect/edge, and hence their change of sign at a topological phase transition point signals the appearance or disappearance of a chiral Majorana zero mode. Our analysis thus explains why topological invariants like the winding number, defined for the corresponding Hamiltonian in the momentum space for a defectless system with periodic boundary conditions, captures the number of admissible Majorana fermion solutions for the position space Hamiltonian with defect(s). Finally, we conclude that EP's cannot be associated with the Majorana fermion wavefunctions for systems with no chiral symmetry, though one can use our formula for counting n, using complex k solutions where the determinant of the corresponding BdG Hamiltonian vanishes.

12.  Exceptional point description of one-dimensional chiral topological superconductors/superfluids in BDI class
Ipsita Mandal, Sumanta Tewari
Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 79, 180 (2016)

We show that certain singularities of the Hamiltonian in the complex wave vector space can be used to identify topological quantum phase transitions for 1D chiral topological superconductors/superfluids in the BDI class. These singularities fall into the category of the so-called exceptional points (EP's) studied in the context of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians describing open quantum systems. We also propose a generic formula in terms of the properties of the EP 's to quantify the exact number of Majorana zero modes in a particular chiral topological superconducting phase, given the values of the parameters appearing in the Hamiltonian. This formula serves as an alternative to the familiar integer (ZZ) winding number invariant characterizing topological superconductor/superfluid phases in the chiral BDI class.

13.  Pairing in half-filled Landau level
Zhiqiang Wang, Ipsita Mandal, Suk Bum Chung, Sudip Chakravarty
Annals of Physics, 351, 727 (2014)

Pairing of composite fermions in half-filled Landau level state is reexamined by solving the BCS gap equation with full frequency dependent current–current interactions. Our results show that there can be a continuous transition from the Halperin–Lee–Read state to a chiral odd angular momentum Cooper pair state for short-range contact interaction. This is at odds with the previously established conclusion of first order pairing transition, in which the low frequency effective interaction was assumed for the entire frequency range. We find that even if the low frequency effective interaction is repulsive, it is compensated by the high frequency regime, which is attractive. We construct the phase diagrams and show that ℓ=1 angular momentum channel is quite different from higher angular momenta ℓ≥3. Remarkably, the full frequency dependent analysis applied to the bilayer Hall system with a total filling fraction View the source ν=1/2+1/2 is quantitatively changed from the previously established results but not qualitatively.

14.  UV/IR mixing in Non-Fermi Liquids
Ipsita Mandal, Sung-Sik Lee
Phys. Rev. B 92, 035141 (2015)

We study low-energy effective field theories for non-Fermi liquids with Fermi surfaces of general dimensions and co-dimensions. When the dimension of Fermi surface is greater than one, low-energy particle-hole excitations remain strongly coupled with each other across the entire Fermi surface. In this case, even the observables that are local in the momentum space (such as the Green's functions) become dependent on the size of the Fermi surface in singular ways, resulting in a UV/IR mixing. By tuning the dimension and co-dimension of the Fermi surface independently, we find perturbative non-Fermi liquid fixed points controlled by both UV/IR mixing and interactions.

15.  Higher angular momentum pairing from transverse gauge interactions
Suk Bum Chung, Ipsita Mandal, S. Raghu, Sudip Chakravarty
Phys. Rev. B 88, 045127 (2013)

In this paper, we study superconductivity of nonrelativistic fermions at finite-density coupled to a transverse U(1) gauge field, with the effective interaction including the Landau-damping. This model, first studied by Holstein, Norton, and Pincus [Phys. Rev B, 8, 2649 (1973)] has been known as an example of a non-Fermi liquid, {\i.e.} a metallic state in which the decay rate of a quasiparticle is large compared to the characteristic quasiparticle energy; other examples of the non-Fermi liquid includes the 2d electron gas in a magnetic field at ν=1/2 and the normal state of optimally doped cuprate superconductors. Our study thus addresses the question of whether or not non-Fermi liquids, like Fermi liquids, are unstable towards the formation of superconductivity.The results are (i) the non-Fermi liquid is stable against superconductivity below a critical gauge coupling, (ii) above this critical coupling, the ground state is an unconventional superconductor with angular momentum ℓ≥2. Our results are obtained from a solution of the Dyson-Nambu equation. Note that in this problem there is a quantum critical point between a non-Fermi liquid state and the superconducting state, as the critical coupling is nonzero. This is in contrast to a weakly coupled metal, which exhibits superconductivity for infinitesimally weak interaction regardless of its sign.

16.  Amplitude mode of the d-density wave state and its relevance to high-Tc cuprates
Jay D. Sau, Ipsita Mandal, Sumanta Tewari, Sudip Chakravarty
Phys. Rev. B 87, 224503 (2013)

We calculate the spectrum of the amplitude mode, the analog of the Higgs mode in high energy physics, for the d-density wave (DDW) state proposed to describe the pseudogap phase of the high Tc cuprates. Even though the state breaks translational symmetry by a lattice spacing and is described by a particle-hole singlet order parameter at the wave vector q=Q=(π,π), remarkably, we find that the amplitude mode spectrum can have peaks at both q=(0,0) and q=Q=(π,π); we shall lattice spacing to unity. In general, the spectrum is non-universal, and, depending on the microscopic parameters, can have one or two peaks in the Brillouin zone, signifying existence of two kinds of magnetic excitations. Our theory sheds important light on how multiple inelastic neutron peaks at different wave vectors can, in principle, arise even with an order parameter that condenses at Q=(π,π).

17.  Majorana zero modes in a quantum Ising chain with longer-ranged interactions
Yuezhen Niu, Suk Bum Chung, Chen-Hsuan Hsu, Ipsita Mandal, S. Raghu, Sudip Chakravarty
Phys. Rev. B 85, 035110 (2012)

A one-dimensional Ising model in a transverse field can be mapped onto a system of spinless fermions with p-wave superconductivity. In the weak-coupling BCS regime, it exhibits a zero energy Majorana mode at each end of the chain. Here, we consider a variation of the model, which represents a superconductor with longer ranged kinetic energy and pairing amplitudes, as is likely to occur in more realistic systems. It possesses a richer zero temperature phase diagram and has several quantum phase transitions. From an exact solution of the model these phases can be classified according to the number of Majorana zero modes of an open chain: 0, 1, or 2 at each end. The model posseses a multicritical point where phases with 0, 1, and 2 Majorana end modes meet. The number of Majorana modes at each end of the chain is identical to the topological winding number of the Anderson's pseudospin vector that describes the BCS Hamiltonian. The topological classification of the phases requires a unitary time-reversal symmetry to be present. When this symmetry is broken, only the number of Majorana end modes modulo 2 can be used to distinguish two phases. In one of the regimes, the wave functions of the two phase shifted Majorana zero modes decays exponentially in space but but in an oscillatory manner. The wavelength of oscillation is identical to the asymptotic connected spin-spin correlation of the XY-model in a transverse field to which our model is dual.

18.  Logarithmic Corrections to N=4 and N=8 Black Hole Entropy: A One Loop Test of Quantum Gravity
Shamik Banerjee, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Ipsita Mandal, Ashoke Sen
JHEP 1111:143,2011

We compute logarithmic corrections to the entropy of supersymmetric extremal black holes in N=4 and N=8 supersymmetric string theories and find results in perfect agreement with the microscopic results. In particular these logarithmic corrections vanish for quarter BPS black holes in N=4 supersymmetric theories, but has a finite coefficient for 1/8 BPS black holes in the N=8 supersymmetric theory. On the macroscopic side these computations require evaluating the one loop determinant of massless fields around the near horizon geometry, and include, in particular, contributions from dynamical four dimensional gravitons propagating in the loop. Thus our analysis provides a test of one loop quantum gravity corrections to the black hole entropy, or equivalently of the AdS2/CFT1 correspondence. We also extend our analysis to N=2 supersymmetric STU model and make a prediction for the logarithmic correction to the black hole entropy in that theory.

19.  Black Hole Microstate Counting and its Macroscopic Counterpart
Ipsita Mandal, Ashoke Sen

We survey recent results on the exact dyon spectrum in a class of N=4 supersymmetric string theories, and discuss how the results can be understood from the macroscopic viewpoint using AdS_2/CFT_1 correspondence. The comparison between the microscopic and the macroscopic results includes power suppressed corrections to the entropy, the sign of the index, logarithmic corrections and also the twisted index measuring the distribution of discrete quantum numbers among the microstates.

20.  Supersymmetric Extension of GCA in 2d
Ipsita Mandal
JHEP 1011:018,2010

We derive the infinite dimensional Supersymmetric Galilean Conformal Algebra (SGCA) in the case of two spacetime dimensions by performing group contraction on 2d superconformal algebra. We also obtain the representations of the generators in terms of superspace coordinates. Here we find realisations of the SGCA by considering scaling limits of certain 2d SCFTs which are non-unitary and have their left and right central charges become large in magnitude and opposite in sign. We focus on the Neveu-Schwarz sector of the parent SCFTs and develop, in parallel to the GCA studies recently in (hep-th/0912.1090), the representation theory based on SGCA primaries, Ward identities for their correlation functions and their descendants which are null states.

21.  GCA in 2d
Arjun Bagchi, Rajesh Gopakumar, Ipsita Mandal, Akitsugu Miwa
JHEP 1008:004,2010

We make a detailed study of the infinite dimensional Galilean Conformal Algebra (GCA) in the case of two spacetime dimensions. Classically, this algebra is precisely obtained from a contraction of the generators of the relativistic conformal symmetry in 2d. Here we find quantum mechanical realisations of the (centrally extended) GCA by considering scaling limits of certain 2d CFTs. These parent CFTs are non-unitary and have their left and right central charges become large in magnitude and opposite in sign. We therefore develop, in parallel to the usual machinery for 2d CFT, many of the tools for the analysis of the quantum mechanical GCA. These include the representation theory based on GCA primaries, Ward identities for their correlation functions and a nonrelativistic Kac table. In particular, the null vectors of the GCA lead to differential equations for the four point function. The solution to these equations in the simplest case is explicitly obtained and checked to be consistent with various requirements.

22.  Supersymmetry, Localization and Quantum Entropy Function
Nabamita Banerjee, Shamik Banerjee, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Ipsita Mandal, Ashoke Sen
JHEP 1002:091,2010

AdS_2/CFT_1 correspondence leads to a prescription for computing the degeneracy of black hole states in terms of path integral over string fields living on the near horizon geometry of the black hole. In this paper we make use of the enhanced supersymmetries of the near horizon geometry and localization techniques to argue that the path integral receives contribution only from a special class of string field configurations which are invariant under a subgroup of the supersymmetry transformations. We identify saddle points which are invariant under this subgroup. We also use our analysis to show that the integration over infinite number of zero modes generated by the asymptotic symmetries of AdS_2 generate a finite contribution to the path integral.

23.  Supersymmetric Extension of Galilean Conformal Algebras
Arjun Bagchi, Ipsita Mandal

The Galilean conformal algebra has recently been realised in the study of the non-relativistic limit of the AdS/CFT conjecture. This was obtained by a systematic parametric group contraction of the parent relativistic conformal field theory. In this paper, we extend the analysis to include supersymmetry. We work at the level of the co-ordinates in superspace to construct the N=1 Super Galilean conformal algebra. One of the interesting outcomes of the analysis is that one is able to naturally extend the finite algebra to an infinite one. This looks structurally similar to the N=1 superconformal algebra in two dimensions, but is different. We also comment on the extension of our construction to cases of higher N.

24.  On Representations and Correlation Functions of Galilean Conformal Algebras
Arjun Bagchi, Ipsita Mandal

Galilean Conformal Algebras (GCA) have been recently proposed as a different non-relativistic limit of the AdS/CFT conjecture. In this note, we look at the representations of the GCA. We also construct explicitly the two and three point correlators in this non-relativistic limit of CFT and comment on the differences with the relativistic case and also the more studied Schrodinger group.

25.  Black Hole Hair Removal
Nabamita Banerjee, Ipsita Mandal, Ashoke Sen
JHEP 0907:091,2009

Macroscopic entropy of an extremal black hole is expected to be determined completely by its near horizon geometry. Thus two black holes with identical near horizon geometries should have identical macroscopic entropy, and the expected equality between macroscopic and microscopic entropies will then imply that they have identical degeneracies of microstates. An apparent counterexample is provided by the 4D-5D lift relating BMPV black hole to a four dimensional black hole. The two black holes have identical near horizon geometries but different microscopic spectrum. We suggest that this discrepancy can be accounted for by black hole hair, -- degrees of freedom living outside the horizon and contributing to the degeneracies. We identify these degrees of freedom for both the four and the five dimensional black holes and show that after their contributions are removed from the microscopic degeneracies of the respective systems, the result for the four and five dimensional black holes match exactly.

26.  Conformal Nonlinear Fluid Dynamics from Gravity in Arbitrary Dimensions
Sayantani Bhattacharyya, R. Loganayagam, Ipsita Mandal, Shiraz Minwalla, Ankit Sharma
JHEP 0812:116,2008

We generalize recent work to construct a map from the conformal Navier Stokes equations with holographically determined transport coefficients, in d spacetime dimensions, to the set of asymptotically locally AdS_{d+1} long wavelength solutions of Einstein's equations with a negative cosmological constant, for all d>2. We find simple explicit expressions for the stress tensor (slightly generalizing the recent result by Haack and Yarom (arXiv:0806.4602)), the full dual bulk metric and an entropy current of this strongly coupled conformal fluid, to second order in the derivative expansion, for arbitrary d>2. We also rewrite the well known exact solutions for rotating black holes in AdS_{d+1} space in a manifestly fluid dynamical form, generalizing earlier work in d=4. To second order in the derivative expansion, this metric agrees with our general construction of the metric dual to fluid flows.

27.  Critical properties of spherically symmetric black hole accretion in Schwarzschild geometry
Ipsita Mandal, Arnab K. Ray, Tapas Kumar Das

The stationary, spherically symmetric, polytropic and inviscid accretion flow in the Schwarzschild metric has been set-up as an autonomous first-order dynamical system, and it has been studied completely analytically. Of the three possible critical points in the flow, the one that is physically realistic behaves like the saddle point of the standard Bondi accretion problem. One of the two remaining critical points exhibits the strange mathematical behaviour of being either a saddle point or a centre-type point, depending on the values of the flow parameters. The third critical point is always unphysical and behaves like a centre-type point. The treatment has been extended to pseudo-Schwarzschild flows for comparison with the general relativistic analysis.