Ying-Dan Wang


Department of Physics
University of Basel
Klingelbergstrasse 82
CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland

email:view address

tel: +41 61 267 36 53 (office)
fax:+41 61 267 13 49

Short CV

Research Interests


Show all abstracts.

1.  Ideal Quantum non-demolishing measurement of a flux qubit at variable bias
Ying-Dan Wang, Xiaobo Zhu, and Christoph Bruder.

2.  One-step multi-qubit GHZ state generation in a circuit QED system
Ying-Dan Wang, Stefano Chesi, Daniel Loss, and Christoph Bruder.
Phys. Rev. B 81, 104524 (2010) (selected as an "Editor's Suggestion")

We propose a one-step scheme to generate GHZ states for superconducting flux qubits or charge qubits in a circuit QED setup. The GHZ state can be produced within the coherence time of the multi-qubit system. Our scheme is independent of the initial state of the transmission line resonator and works in the presence of higher harmonic modes. Our analysis also shows that the scheme is robust to various operation errors and environmental noise.

3.  Cooling a micro-mechanical resonator by quantum back-action from a noisy qubit
Ying-Dan Wang, Yong Li, Fei Xue, C. Bruder, and K. Semba.
Phys. Rev. B 80, 144508 (2009)

We study the role of qubit dephasing in cooling a mechanical resonator by quantum back-action. With a superconducting flux qubit as a specific example, we show that ground-state cooling of a mechanical resonator can only be realized if the qubit dephasing rate is sufficiently low.

4.  Two Mode Photon Bunching Effect as Witness of Quantum Criticality in Circuit QED
Qing Ai, Ying-Dan Wang, Guilu Long, and C. P. Sun.
Science in China Series G-Physics Mechanics Astron 2009, 52(12) 1898-1905

We suggest a scheme to probe critical phenomena at a quantum phase transition (QPT) using the quantum correlation of two photonic modes simultaneously coupled to a critical system. As an experimentally accessible physical implementation, a circuit QED system is formed by a capacitively coupled Josephson junction qubit array interacting with one superconducting transmission line resonator (TLR). It realizes an Ising chain in the transverse field (ICTF) which interacts with the two magnetic modes propagating in the TLR. We demonstrate that in the vicinity of criticality the originally independent fields tend to display photon bunching effects due to their interaction with the ICTF. Thus, the occurrence of the QPT is reflected by the quantum characteristics of the photonic fields.

5.  Coupling superconducting flux qubits at optimal point via dynamic decoupling with the quantum bus
Y. D. Wang, A. Kemp, and K. Semba.
Phys. Rev. B 79, 024502 (2009)

We propose a scheme with dc control of finite bandwidth to implement a two-qubit gate for superconducting flux qubits at the optimal point. We provide a detailed nonperturbative analysis on the dynamic evolution of the qubits interacting with a common quantum bus. An effective qubit-qubit coupling is induced while decoupling the quantum bus with proposed pulse sequences. The two-qubit gate is insensitive to the initial state of the quantum bus and applicable to nonperturbative coupling regime which enables rapid two-qubit operation. This scheme can be scaled up to multiqubit coupling.

6.  Cooling of a Micro-mechanical Resonator by the Back-action of Lorentz Force
Ying-Dan Wang, K. Semba, and H. Yamaguchi.
New J. Phy., 10 043015 (2008)

Using a semi-classical approach, we describe an on-chip cooling protocol for a micro-mechanical resonator by employing a superconducting flux qubit. A Lorentz force, generated by the passive back-action of the resonator's displacement, can cool down the thermal motion of the mechanical resonator by applying an appropriate microwave drive to the qubit. We show that this on-chip cooling protocol, with well-controlled cooling power and a tunable response time of passive back-action, can be highly efficient. With feasible experimental parameters, the effective mode temperature of a resonator could be cooled down by several orders of magnitude.

7.  Quantum Theory of Transmission Line Resonator-Assisted Cooling of a Micromechanical Resonator
Yong Li, Ying-Dan Wang, Fei Xue, and C. Bruder.
Phys. Rev. B 78, 134301 (2008)

We propose a quantum description of the cooling of a micromechanical flexural oscillator by a one-dimensional transmission line resonator via a force that resembles cavity radiation pressure. The mechanical oscillator is capacitively coupled to the central conductor of the transmission line resonator. At the optimal point, the micromechanical oscillator can be cooled close to the ground state, and the cooling can be measured by homodyne detection of the output microwave signal.

8.  Cooling a micromechanical beam by coupling it to a transmission line
F. Xue, Ying-Dan Wang, Yu-xi Liu, and F. Nori.
Phys. Rev. B 76, 205302 (2007)

We study a method to cool down the vibration mode of a micromechanical beam using a capacitively coupled superconducting transmission line. The Coulomb force between the transmission line and the beam is determined by the driving microwave on the transmission line and the displacement of the beam. When the frequency of the driving microwave is smaller than that of the transmission line resonator, the Coulomb force can oppose the velocity of the beam. Thus, the beam can be cooled. This mechanism, which may enable us to prepare the beam in its quantum ground state of vibration, is feasible under current experimental conditions.

9.  Controllable coupling between flux qubit and nanomechanical resonator by magnetic field
F. Xue, Ying-Dan Wang, C. P. Sun, H. Okamoto, H. Yamaguchi, and K. Semba.
New J. Phys. 9, 35 (2007)

We propose an active mechanism for coupling the quantized mode of a nanomechanical resonator to the persistent current in the loop of a superconducting Josephson junction (or phase slip) flux qubit. This coupling is independently controlled by an external coupling magnetic field. The whole system forms a novel solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) architecture in the strong coupling limit. This architecture can be used to demonstrate quantum optics phenomena and coherently manipulate the qubit for quantum information processing. The coupling mechanism is applicable for more generalized situations where the superconducting Josephson junction system is a multi-level system. We also address the practical issues concerning experimental realization.

10.  Detection mechanism for quantum phase transition in superconducting qubit array
Ying-Dan Wang, Fei Xue, Z. Song, and C. P. Sun.
Phys. Rev. B 76, 174519 (2007)

We describe a mechanism to detect quantum phase transition (QPT) in a system by a coherent probe weakly coupled to it. We illustrate this mechanism by a circuit QED architecture where a superconducting Josephson junction qubit array interacts with a one-dimensional superconducting transmission line resonator (TLR). The superconducting qubit array is modeled as an Ising chain in transverse field. Our investigation shows that the QPT phenomenon in the superconducting qubit array can be evidently revealed by the correlation spectrum of TLR output: At the critical point, the drastic broadening of spectrum indicates the occurrence of QPT. We also show the generalization of this mechanism to other QPT systems.

11.  Maxwell's Demon Assisted Thermodynamic Cycle in Superconducting Quantum Circuits
H. T. Quan, Ying-Dan Wang, Yu-xi Liu, C. P. Sun, and F. Nori.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 180402 (2006)

We study a new quantum heat engine (QHE), which is assisted by a Maxwell's demon. The QHE requires three steps: thermalization, quantum measurement, and quantum feedback controlled by the Maxwell demon. We derive the positive-work condition and operation efficiency of this composite QHE. Using controllable superconducting quantum circuits as an example, we show how to construct our QHE. The essential role of the demon is explicitly demonstrated in this macroscopic QHE.

12.  Macroscopic Quantum Criticality in a Circuit QED
Ying-Dan Wang, H. T. Quan, Yu-xi Liu, C. P. Sun, and Franco Nori.

Cavity quantum electrodynamic (QED) is studied for two strongly-coupled charge qubits interacting with a single-mode quantized field, which is provided by a on-chip transmission line resonator. We analyze the dressed state structure of this superconducting circuit QED system and the selection rules of electromagnetic-induced transitions between any two of these dressed states. Its macroscopic quantum criticality, in the form of ground state level crossing, is also analyzed, resulting from competition between the Ising-type inter-qubit coupling and the controllable on-site potentials.

13.  Quantum storage and information transfer with superconducting qubits ,
Ying-Dan Wang, Z. D. Wang, and C. P. Sun.
Phys. Rev. B 72, 172507 (2005)

We theoretically design a rather simple device to realize the general quantum storage based on dc superconducting quantum interference device charge qubits. The distinct advantages of our scheme are analyzed in comparison with existing storage scenarios. More arrestingly, an easily controllable XY interaction has been realized in superconducting qubits, which may have more potential applications in addition to those in quantum information processing. The experimental feasibility is also elaborated.

14.  Cooling Mechanism for a Nanomechanical Resonator by Periodic Coupling to a Cooper Pair Box
P. Zhang, Ying-Dan Wang, and C.P. Sun.
Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 097204 (2005)

We propose and study an active cooling mechanism for the nanomechanical resonator (NAMR) based on periodical coupling to a Cooper pair box (CPB), which is implemented by a designed series of magnetic flux pluses threading through the CPB. When the initial phonon number of the NAMR is not too large, this cooling protocol is efficient in decreasing the phonon number by 2 to 3 orders of magnitude. Our proposal is theoretically universal in cooling various boson systems of a single mode. It can be specifically generalized to prepare the nonclassical state of the NAMR.

15.  Nonlinear mechanism of charge-qubit decoherence in a lossy cavity: Quasi-normal-mode approach
Y. B. Gao, Y. D. Wang, and C. P. Sun.
Phys. Rev. A 71, 032302 (2005)

From the viewpoint of quasinormal modes, we describe a decoherence mechanism of charge qubit of Josephson junctions (JJ) in a lossy microcavity, which can appear in a realistic experiment for quantum computation based on a JJ qubit. We show that nonlinear coupling of a charge qubit to the quantum cavity field can result in additional dissipation of the resonant mode due to the effective interaction between those nonresonant modes and the resonant mode, which is induced by the charge qubit itself. We calculate the characteristic time of the decoherence by making use of the system plus bath method.

16.  Fast entanglement of two charge-phase qubits through nonadiabatic coupling to a large Josephson junction
Ying-Dan Wang, P. Zhang, D. L. Zhou, and C. P. Sun.
Phys. Rev. B, 70, 224515 (2004)

We propose a theoretical protocol for quantum logic gates between two Josephson junction charge-phase qubits through the control of their coupling to a large junction whose Josephson coupling energy is much larger than its Coulomb charge energy. In the low excitation limit of the large junction, it behaves effectively as a quantum data-bus mode of a harmonic oscillator. Our protocol can be fast since it does not require the data-bus to stay adiabatically in its ground state, as such it can be implemented over a wide parameter regime independent of the data-bus quantum state.

17.  Engineering quantum decoherence of charge qubit via a nanomechanical resonator
Ying-Dan Wang, Y. B. Gao, and C. P. Sun.
Eur. Phys. J. B. 40, 321 (2004)

We propose a theoretical scheme to observe the loss of quantum coherence through the coupling of the superconducting charge qubit system to a nanomechanical resonator (NAMR), which has already been successfully fabricated in experiment and is convenient to manipulate. With a similar form to the usual cavity QED system, this qubit-NAMR composite system with engineered coupling exhibits the collapse and revival phenomenon in a progressive decoherence process. Corresponding to the two components of superposition of the two charge eigenstates, the state of the nanomechanical resonator evolves simultaneously towards two distinct quasi-classical states. Therefore the generalized ldquowhich wayrdquo detection by the NAMR induces the quantum decoherence of the charge qubit.

18.  Spin wave based quantum storage of electronic spin with a ring array of nuclear spins
Ying-Dan Wang, Y. Li, Z. Song, and C.P. Sun.

We propose a solid state based protocol to implement the universal quantum storage for electronic spin qubit. The quantum memory in this scheme is the spin wave excitation in the ring array of nuclei in a quantum dot. We show that the quantum information carried by an arbitrary state of the electronic spin can be coherently mapped onto the spin wave excitations or the magnon states. With an appropriate external control, the stored quantum state in quantum memory can be read out reversibly. We also explore in detail the quantum decoherence mechanism due to the inhomogeneous couplings between the electronic spin and the nuclear spins.

19.  Nonlocality property of three-mode correlated fields
Chin. Phys. Lett. 19, 748 (2002)

Four three-mode correlated states are generated by two beam splitters. We show that, by means of parity measurement, those light fields exhibit the nonlocality represented by the violation of the Bell inequality. The conditions of the maximum violation are also studied.

20.  Fundamental concepts and methods in cavity QED(in Chinese)
C. P. Sun, Ying-Dan Wang, Y. Li, and P. Zhang.
in "Recent progresses in quantum mechanics (Vol. 3)" ( Tsinghua University Press, Beijing 2003)