James R. Wootton
ContactDepartment of Physics
University of Basel
CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland
- Topological order
- Topological quantum computation
- Disordered Systems/Anderson Localization
- Entanglement Theory
PublicationsShow all abstracts.
|1.||Increasing the stability of the topological entanglement entropy|
|James R. Wootton (University of Leeds)|
The topological entanglement entropy is an important quantity, used to determine whether or not states are topologically ordered. However, it can give misleading results when long-range non-topological correlations are present. To solve this problem, we propose a modified topological entropy which allows topologically ordered states to be identified with greater confidence. This also provides a deeper understanding of the topological entropy, and strengthens the links between condensed matter and information theory.
|2.||Bringing Order through Disorder: Localization of Errors in Topological Quantum Memories|
|Jiannis K. Pachos (University of Leeds) and James R. Wootton (University of Leeds).|
Presented as a contributed talk at QIP 2011
Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 030503 (2011)
Anderson localization emerges in quantum systems when randomized parameters cause the exponential suppression of motion. Here we consider this phenomenon in topological models and establish its usefulness for protecting topologically encoded quantum information. For concreteness we employ the toric code. It is known that in the absence of a magnetic field this can tolerate a finite initial density of anyonic errors, but in the presence of a field anyonic quantum walks are induced and the tolerable density becomes zero. However, if the disorder inherent in the code is taken into account, we demonstrate that the induced localization allows the topological quantum memory to regain a finite critical anyon density and the memory to remain stable for arbitrarily long times. We anticipate that disorder inherent in any physical realization of topological systems will help to strengthen the fault tolerance of quantum memories.
|3.||Engineering complex topological memories from simple Abelian models|
|James R. Wootton (University of Leeds), Ville Lahtinen (University of Leeds), Jiannis K. Pachos (University of Leeds), and Benoit Doucot (LPTHE, Paris).|
To appear in Annals of Physics
In three spatial dimensions, particles are limited to either bosonic or fermionic statistics. Two-dimensional systems, on the other hand, can support anyonic quasiparticles exhibiting richer statistical behaviours. An exciting proposal for quantum computation is to employ anyonic statistics to manipulate information. Since such statistical evolutions depend only on topological characteristics, the resulting computation is intrinsically resilient to errors. So-called non-Abelian anyons are most promising for quantum computation, but their physical realization may prove to be complex. Abelian anyons, however, are easier to understand theoretically and realize experimentally. Here we show that complex topological memories inspired by non-Abelian anyons can be engineered in Abelian models. We explicitly demonstrate the control procedures for the encoding and manipulation of quantum information in specific lattice models that can be implemented in the laboratory. This bridges the gap between requirements for anyonic quantum computation and the potential of state-of-the-art technology.